Die Präsidentschaftswahl in den Vereinigten Staaten bestimmt, wer für eine vierjährige . Wählbar ist jeder gebürtige US-Amerikaner, der mindestens 35 Jahre alt ist und 14 Jahre am Stück seinen Wohnsitz in den USA hat. Die Verfassung von. Die Präsidentschaftswahl in den Vereinigten Staaten bestimmt, wer für eine vierjährige . Wählbar ist jeder gebürtige US-Amerikaner, der mindestens 35 Jahre alt ist und 14 Jahre am Stück seinen Wohnsitz in den USA hat. Die Verfassung von. Jan. Primaries, Wahlmänner, Vereidigung: der Weg ins Weiße Haus ist kompliziert. Die wichtigsten Fakten zum US-Wahlsystem.
On November 8, Florida Division of Elections staff prepared a press release for Secretary of State Harris that said overseas ballots must be "postmarked or signed and dated" by Election Day.
It was never released. According to a report by The New York Times , of the accepted overseas ballots were received after the legal deadline, lacked required postmarks, were unsigned or undated, cast after election day, from unregistered voters or voters not requesting ballots, lacked a witness signature or address, or were double-counted.
Most of the post-electoral controversy revolved around Gore's request for hand recounts in four counties Broward, Miami Dade, Palm Beach, and Volusia , as provided under Florida state law.
Bush's election efforts in Florida announced she would reject any revised totals from those counties if they were not turned in by 5: Miami-Dade eventually halted its recount and resubmitted its original total to the state canvassing board, while Palm Beach County failed to meet the extended deadline, turning in its completed recount results at 7: On November 26, the state canvassing board certified Bush the winner of Florida's electors by votes.
Gore formally contested the certified results. A state court decision overruling Gore was reversed by the Florida Supreme Court, which ordered a recount of over 70, ballots previously rejected as undervotes by machine counters.
Supreme Court halted that order the next day, with Justice Scalia issuing a concurring opinion that "the counting of votes that are of questionable legality does in my view threaten irreparable harm to petitioner" Bush.
On December 12, the Supreme Court ruled in a 7—2 vote that the Florida Supreme Court's ruling requiring a statewide recount of ballots was unconstitutional on equal protection grounds, and in a 5—4 vote reversed and remanded the case to the Florida Supreme Court for modification prior to the optional "safe harbor" deadline, which the Florida court had said the state intended to meet.
With only two hours remaining until the December 12 deadline, the Supreme Court's order effectively ended the recount, and the previously certified total held.
Even if the Supreme Court had decided differently in Bush v. Gore, the Florida Legislature had been meeting in Special Session since December 8 with the sole stated purpose being the selection of a slate of electors on December 12, should the dispute still be ongoing.
The electors would then only have been rejected if both GOP-controlled houses had agreed to reject them. Though Gore came in second in the electoral vote, he received , more popular votes than Bush,  making him the first person since Grover Cleveland in to win the popular vote but lose in the Electoral College.
Furthermore, Gore lost West Virginia , a state that had voted Republican only once in the previous six presidential elections,  and Bill Clinton's home state of Arkansas , which had voted twice before to elect Gore vice president.
A victory in any of these three states would have given Gore enough electoral votes to win the presidency. Bush was the first Republican in American history to win the presidency without winning Vermont or Illinois, the second Republican to win the presidency without winning California James A.
Garfield in was the first or Pennsylvania Richard Nixon in was the first , and the first winning Republican not to receive any electoral votes from California Garfield received one vote in Bush also lost in Connecticut, the state of his birth.
As of , Bush is the last Republican nominee to win New Hampshire. This is the first time since Iowa entered the union in in which the state voted for a Democratic presidential candidate in four elections in a row ,, and , and the last time Iowa didn't vote for the overall winner.
There were only two counties in the entire nation that voted Democratic in and that had voted Republican in The election was also the last time a Republican won a number of populous urban counties that have since turned into Democratic strongholds.
Conversely, as of Gore is the last Democrat to have won any counties at all in Oklahoma. Vote share by county for Green Party candidate Ralph Nader.
Darker shades indicate a stronger Green performance. Data comes from https: Thus, in Arizona, Smith received 5, votes, constituting 0.
When adding Smith's 5, votes to Browne's , votes nationwide, that brings the total votes cast for president for the Libertarian Party in to ,, or 0.
In both states, two electoral votes are awarded to the winner of the statewide race and one electoral vote is awarded to the winner of each congressional district.
The following table records the official presidential vote tallies for Maine and Nebraska's congressional districts. The Libertarian Party of Arizona opted to place L.
Neil Smith on the ballot in Browne's place. When adding Smith's 5, Arizona votes to Browne's , votes nationwide, that brings the total presidential votes cast for the Libertarian Party in to , Bush became the president-elect and began forming his transition committee.
On January 6, , a joint session of Congress met to certify the electoral vote. Twenty members of the House of Representatives , most of them members of the all-Democratic Congressional Black Caucus , rose one-by-one to file objections to the electoral votes of Florida.
However, pursuant to the Electoral Count Act of , any such objection had to be sponsored by both a representative and a senator.
No senator would co-sponsor these objections, deferring to the Supreme Court's ruling. Therefore, Gore, who presided in his capacity as President of the Senate , ruled each of these objections out of order.
Subsequently, the joint session of Congress certified the electoral votes from all 50 states and the District of Columbia. Bush took the oath of office on January 20, He would serve for the next eight years.
Gore has not, as of , considered another presidential run, endorsing Howard Dean's candidacy during the Democratic primary and remaining neutral in the Democratic primaries of and The commission found that under most scenarios for completion of the initiated recounts, Bush would have won the election; however, Gore would have won using the most generous standards for undervotes.
Petersburg Times  —hired NORC at the University of Chicago  to examine , ballots that were collected from the entire state, not just the disputed counties that were recounted; these ballots contained undervotes ballots with no machine-detected choice made for president and overvotes ballots with more than one choice marked.
Their goal was to determine the reliability and accuracy of the systems used for the voting process. Based on the NORC review, the media group concluded that if the disputes over all the ballots in question had been resolved by applying statewide any of five standards that would have met Florida's legal standard for recounts, the electoral result would have been reversed and Gore would have won by 60 to votes.
Any analysis of NORC data requires, for each punch ballot, at least two of the three ballot reviewers' codes to agree or instead, for all three to agree.
For all undervotes and overvotes statewide, these five standards are: Such a statewide review including all uncounted votes was a tangible possibility, as Leon County Circuit Court Judge Terry Lewis , whom the Florida Supreme Court had assigned to oversee the statewide recount, had scheduled a hearing for December 13 mooted by the U.
Supreme Court's final ruling on the 12th to consider the question of including overvotes as well as undervotes. Subsequent statements by Judge Lewis and internal court documents support the likelihood of including overvotes in the recount.
Further, according to sociologists Christopher Uggen and Jeff Manza, the election might have gone to Gore if the disenfranchised population of Florida had voted.
Florida law disenfranchises convicted felons, requiring individual applications to regain suffrage. In their American Sociological Review article, Uggen and Manza found that the released felon vote could have altered the outcome of seven senatorial races between and , and the presidential election.
Because the presidential election was so close in Florida, the United States government and state governments pushed for election reform to be prepared by the presidential election.
Many of Florida's year election night problems stemmed from usability and ballot design factors with voting systems, including the potentially confusing " butterfly ballot ".
Many voters had difficulties with the paper-based punch card voting machines and were either unable to understand the required process for voting or unable to perform the process.
This resulted in an unusual amount of overvote voting for more candidates than is allowed and undervotes voting for fewer than the minimum candidates, including none at all.
Many undervotes were caused by voter error, unmaintained punch card voting booths, or errors having to do merely with the characteristics of punch card ballots resulting in hanging, dimpled, or pregnant chads.
A proposed solution to these problems was the installation of modern electronic voting machines. The United States presidential election of spurred the debate about election and voting reform, but it did not end it.
In the aftermath of the election, the Help America Vote Act HAVA was passed to help states upgrade their election technology in the hopes of preventing similar problems in future elections.
Unfortunately, the electronic voting systems that many states purchased to comply with HAVA actually caused problems in the presidential election of The Voter News Service 's reputation was damaged by its treatment of Florida's presidential vote in Breaking its own guidelines, [ citation needed ] VNS called the state as a win for Gore 12 minutes before polls closed in the Florida panhandle.
Although most of the state is in the Eastern Time Zone, counties in the Florida panhandle, located in the Central Time Zone, had not yet closed their polls.
Discrepancies between the results of exit polls and the actual vote count caused the VNS to change its call twice, first from Gore to Bush and then to "too close to call".
Due in part to this and other polling inaccuracies [ citation needed ] the VNS was disbanded in According to Bush adviser Karl Rove , exit polls early in the afternoon on election day showed Gore winning by three percentage points, but when the networks called the state for Gore, Bush led by about 75, votes in raw tallies from the Florida Secretary of State.
Also, charges of media bias were leveled against the networks by Republicans. They claimed that the networks called states more quickly for Al Gore than for George W.
Congress held hearings on this matter, [ citation needed ] and the networks claimed to have no intentional bias in their election night reporting.
However, a study of the calls made on election night indicated that states carried by Gore were called more quickly than states won by Bush [ citation needed ] ; however, notable Bush states, like New Hampshire and Florida, were very close, and close Gore states like Iowa, Oregon, New Mexico and Wisconsin were called late as well.
Because the Florida call was widely seen as an indicator that Gore had won the election, it is possible that it depressed Republican turnout in these states during the final hours of voting, giving Gore the slim margin by which he carried each of them.
Likewise, the call may have affected the outcome of the Senate election in Washington state , where incumbent Republican Slade Gorton was defeated by approximately 2, votes statewide.
Many Gore supporters claimed that third-party candidate Nader acted as a spoiler in the election since Nader votes could have been cast for Gore, and for instance, Nader allegedly threw the election outcome to Bush.
Winning either state would have won the general election for Gore. Defenders of Nader, including Dan Perkins , argued that the margin in Florida was small enough that Democrats could blame any number of third-party candidates for the defeat, including Workers World Party candidate Monica Moorehead , who received 1, votes.
Nader's reputation was hurt by this perception, which may have hindered his goals as an activist. For example, Mother Jones wrote about the so-called "rank-and-file liberals" who saw Nader negatively after the election and pointed that Public Citizen , the organization Nader founded in , had a new fundraising problem in its own founder, citing a drop in contributions.
Mother Jones also cited a Public Citizen's letter sent out to people interested in Nader's relation with the organization at that time, with the disclaimer: Public Citizen—and the other groups that Mr.
In the January 24, , issue  of the DLC's Blueprint magazine,  he wrote, "I think they're wrong on all counts. The assertion that Nader's marginal vote hurt Gore is not borne out by polling data.
When exit pollers asked voters how they would have voted in a two-way race, Bush actually won by a point.
That was better than he did with Nader in the race. In an online article published by Salon. According to Hightower, , self-described liberals in Florida voted for Bush, while fewer than 34, voted for Nader.
Even when Gore went skittering across the country in August on a widely ballyhooed "Working Families Tour," he had the Clinton administration's favorite Wall Streeter, Robert Rubin , by his side, sending a stage wink to the corporate powers, assuring them that all his [Gore's] quasi-populist posturing was only rhetoric — not to worry, Rubin still has a grip on policy.
In their book The Nightly News Nightmare: Robert Lichter alleged most media outlets influenced the outcome of the election through the use of horse race journalism.
Peter Hart and Jim Naureckas, two commentators for Fairness and Accuracy in Reporting FAIR , called the media "serial exaggerators" and alleged that several media outlets were constantly exaggerating criticism of Gore: This is the election that fixed red as a color for the Republican party and blue for the Democrats.
The New York Times used these colors on their full-color election maps. Senior graphics editor Archie Tse, decided that as Republican started with an R then red "was a more natural association".
Prior to that color coding choices were inconsistent across the media. In , NBC in its first election map on air, used bulbs that turned red for Carter-won states Democratic , and blue for Ford Republican.
This original color scheme was based on the British political system, where blue is used to denote the centre-right Conservative Party and red for the centre-left Labour Party gold or yellow is used for the 'third party' Liberal Democrats.
However the NBC format did not catch on long term, the media did not follow suit. The unusually long election helped to cement red and blue as colors in the collective mind.
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. For related races, see United States elections, Presidential election results map.
Numbers indicate electoral votes allotted to the winner of each state. Democratic Party presidential primaries, Vice President Al Gore campaign. This section needs additional citations for verification.
Please help improve this article by adding citations to reliable sources. Unsourced material may be challenged and removed.
January Learn how and when to remove this template message. Republican Party presidential primaries, Businessman Herman Cain from Nebraska Withdrew early in campaign.
Reform Party presidential primaries, Television personality Pat Buchanan from Virginia campaign. Writer Harry Browne from Tennessee campaign.
United States presidential election debates, Bush-Cheney and Gore-Lieberman supporters protest. Results by county, shaded according to winning candidate's percentage of the vote.
United States portal Politics portal s portal. Retrieved August 18, Retrieved June 12, The Battle for Florida: Gainesville, Florida, United States: University Press of Florida.
Retrieved March 22, Archived from the original on November 5, Archived from the original on April 27, Retrieved October 5, Retrieved November 16, The New York Times.
Retrieved August 25, Trump's flirtations with presidential runs span decades—and parties. Ralph Nader, Vice President: Retrieved January 15, Harry Browne, Vice President: Archived from the original on September 17, Retrieved August 8, Archived from the original on June 18, Retrieved June 18, Commission on Presidential Debates.
Archived from the original on April 3, Retrieved October 21, Archived from the original on July 30, Out of the Shadows. When a Kiss Isn't Just a Kiss.
Retrieved May 28, Retrieved September 14, There is a difference between Tweedledum and Tweedledee, but not that much.
Retrieved March 25, Retrieved October 14, Archived from the original on April 15, Retrieved August 13, Archived from the original on June 4, Mining the Overseas Absentee Vote".
Archived from the original on December 20, Retrieved December 16, Neither you, nor the coeditors you shared it with will be able to recover it again.
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